Arquivos de Categoria: Revisão de texto em inglês

Artigo científico publicado em “Motriz: Revista de Educação Física”

Revisão de texto em inglês de artigo científico na área de Educação Física.

Effects of Square-Stepping Exercise on balance and depressive symptoms in older adults

Jessica Rodrigues Pereira, Sebastião Gobbi, Camila Vieira Ligo Teixeira, Carla Manuela Crispim Nascimento, Danilla Icassatti Corazza, Thays Martins Vital, Salma Stéphany Soleman Hernandez, Florindo Stella, Ryosuke Shigematsu

São Paulo State University, Rio Claro, Brazil

Mie University, Japan

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was analyze the effects of Square-Stepping Exercise (SSE) on depressive symptoms, balance and functional mobility in older adults. Participants were distributed into two groups: Trained Group (TG), who performed a 16-week intervention with SSE and Control Group (CG), who performed only evaluations. The Berg Balance Scale and Time Up and Go Test (TUG) constituted the evaluation protocol to verify balance and functional mobility. Geriatric Depression Scale-short form (GDS-15) was applied for measure depressive symptoms. Evaluations were realized pre and post 16-week. Significant improvements were observed in the TG with the maintenance of GDS-15 scores and on the time to perform the TUG test which reflects better functional mobility than the CG. This could lead to conclude that the SSE is an important tool for improve balance, prevent falls and decrease depression symptoms.

RESUMO

“Efeitos do Square-Stepping Exercise (SSE) no equilíbrio e sintomas depressivos de idosos.” O objetivo desse estudo foi analisar os efeitos do Square-Stepping Exercise (SSE) nos sintomas depressivos, equilíbrio e mobilidade funcional de idosos. Os participantes foram distribuídos em dois grupos: Grupo Treinamento (TG), que realizou 16 semanas de intervenção com o SSE e Grupo Controle (CG), que penas respondeu as avaliações. A Escala de Equilíbrio de Berg e o Time Up and Go Test (TUG) constituíram o protocolo de avaliação, e verificaram o equilíbrio e a mobilidade funcional. A Escala Geriátrica de Depressão curta (GDS-15) foi aplicada para mensurar os sintomas depressivos. Avaliações Foram realizadas pré e após 16 semanas. Resultados significativos foram observados no TG, como a manutenção do escore da GDS-15 e melhora do tempo para realizar o TUG, o que reflete em uma mobilidade funcional melhor que no CG. Podemos concluir que o SSE é uma importante ferramenta para promover equilíbrio, prevenir que das e diminuir os sintomas depressivos.

Palavras-Chave: equilíbrio; mobilidade; sintomas depressivos; envelhecimento

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Anúncios

Artigo científico publicado no “Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease”

Revisão de texto em inglês de artigo científico na área de Educação Física, especificamente sobre Doença de Alzheimer.

Tema:

Acute Aerobic Exercise Increases Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor Levels in Elderly with Alzheimer’s Disease

Autores:
Flávia Gomes de Melo Coelho1, Thays Martins Vital1, Angelica Miki Stein1, Franciel José Arantes1, André Veloso Rueda3, Elizabeth Teodorov2, 3, Ruth Ferreira Santos-Galduróz1, 2
Resumo:
Studies indicate the involvement of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Decreased BDNF levels may constitute a lack of trophic support and contribute to cognitive impairment in AD. The benefits of acute and chronic physical exercise on BDNF levels are well-documented in humans, however, exercise effects on BDNF levels have not been analyzed in older adults with AD. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of acute aerobic exercise on BDNF levels in older adults with AD and to verify associations among BDNF levels, aerobic fitness, and level of physical activity. Using a controlled design, twenty-one patients with AD (76.3 ± 6.2 years) and eighteen health older adults (74.6 ± 4.7 years) completed an acute aerobic exercise. The outcomes included measures of BDNF plasma levels, aerobic fitness (treadmill grade, time to exhaustion, VO2, and maximal lactate) and level of physical activity (Baecke Questionnaire Modified for the Elderly). The independent t-test shows differences between groups with respect to the BDNF plasma levels at baseline (p = 0.04; t = 4.53; df = 37). In two-way ANOVA, a significant effect of time was found (p = 0.001; F = 13.63; df = 37), the aerobic exercise significantly increased BDNF plasma levels in AD patients and healthy controls. A significant correlation (p = 0.04; r = 0.33) was found between BDNF levels and the level of physical activity. The results of our study suggest that aerobic exercise increases BDNF plasma levels in patients with AD and healthy controls. In addition to that, BDNF levels had association with level of physical activity.

Revisão de texto em inglês de artigo científico

Revisão de texto em inglês de artigo científico na área de Educação Física, especificamente sobre Doença de Parkinson e Doença de Alzheimer.

Tema:

Effect of a multimodal exercise program on sleep disturbances and instrumental activities of daily living performance on Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s disease patients.

Autores:

Nascimento CMAyan CCancela JMGobbi LTGobbi SStella F.

Resumo:

AIM:

To assess the contribution of a multimodal exercise program on the sleep disturbances (SD) and on the performance of instrumental activities daily living (IADL) in patients with clinical diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and Parkinson’s disease patients (PD).

METHODS:

A total of 42 consecutive patients (23 training group, 19 control group) with PD and 35 demented patients with AD (19 trained group, 16 control group) were recruited. Participants in both training groups carried out three 1-h sessions per week of a multimodal exercise program for 6 months. The Pfeffer Questionnaire for Instrumental Activities and the Mini-Sleep Questionnaire were used to assess the effects of the program on IADL and SD respectively.

RESULTS:

Two-way ancova showed interactions in IADL and SD. Significant improvements were observed for these variables in both intervention groups, and maintenance or worsening was observed in control groups. The analysis of effect size showed these improvements.

CONCLUSION:

The present study results show that a mild to moderate intensity of multimodal physical exercises carried out on a regular basis over 6 months can contribute to reducing IADL deficits and attenuating SD. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2013; ●●: ●●-●●.

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